People were astounded to see what emerged from the sea. What they witnessed in the water astonished tourists on the Romanian shore. A wounded dolphin was hauled to the shore along with the sea waves. The dolphin was dragged from the sea in an attempt to save it, but it was too late. It is a mammal of the Delphinus Delphis species, according to experts. Multiple wounds on its body were discovered, most likely inflicted by fishermen’s nets.
Three marine mammal species can be found in the Black Sea: Tursiops truncatus ponticus (bottlenose dolphin). Multiple wounds on its body were discovered, most likely inflicted by fishermen’s nets. Three marine mammal species can be found in the Black Sea: Delphinus delphis ponticus (common dolphin). Tursiops truncatus ponticus (bottlenose dolphin). The morpho-anatomical traits and principal feeding sources of Black Sea dolphins differ.
The bottlenose dolphin and harbor porpoise eat primarily fish and other benthic species, whereas the common dolphin eats fish and other organisms in the water column. Based on these factors, each species prefers different habitats: the first two species prefer coastal areas, while the common dolphin prefers offshore zones. The dorsal side of the common dolphin is bluish-gray to brown, with a very weak V-shaped lateral boundary.
A pigmented ribbon of varied darkness connects the lower jaw to the pectoral fin insertion. The dorsal, pectoral, and caudal fins range in color from black to gray-brown. Their birth weight is approximately 0.80-0.95 m. They do not surpass 2 m in the Black Sea (males 177 cm, ladies 159 cm). They are extremely vulnerable to chemical and auditory contamination. They usually congregate in groups of 10-15 people, as well as in couples or alone.
They swim quite fast, reaching speeds of up to 50 km/h. They dive for brief periods of time and regularly breathe at the surface at intervals of 1/3 second. They may live at depths of up to 70 meters. They achieve sexual maturity at the age of two years, have a gestation period of ten months, and wean at four months.
They have well-developed maternal instincts. Their projected lifespan is 25-30 years. Their primary diet consists of small pelagic fish (sprat, anchovy, and gobies) and crustaceans, although they also consume horse mackerel, cod, bluefish, red mullet, sea bass, shrimp, and mollusks. Their daily food intake is around 10 kg.